Category Archives: Politics

Constitutional Amendments

In the years immediately following the American Civil War, there were three significant Amendments to the United States Constitution that were created.  They became known as the Reconstruction Amendments.  These three Amendments basically helped to create a new way of life for the United States and helped to “reconstruct” the southern states, as well as the northern states after the war.  The Amendments were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.

The Thirteenth Amendment was ratified in 1865.  This amendment declared slavery and involuntary servitude illegal.  Although many slaves were set free by President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, the future of once-enslaved people was still a bit unstable.  Hence, the development of the Thirteenth Amendment.  The northern states quickly ratified this Amendment, with many bordering states following.  With the support of President Johnson, who followed President Lincoln after Lincoln’s assassination, the southern states of Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina also adopted the new Amendment quite quickly.

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The Emancipation Proclamation

Abraham Lincoln

Before Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States, he said, “America cannot be a house divided.  This government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.  It will become all one thing, or all the other”.  Abraham Lincoln became the United States’ 16th President on March 4, 1861.  He would remain President until his death on April 15, 1865.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809.  He was nineteen years old when he witnessed his first slave market in New Orleans, Louisiana.  He was shocked to see that people were being sold like property.  Soon, he acquired his law degree and became interested in politics.  He also began to publicly speak out against slavery.

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